dna fingerprinting of trees and genetic diversity of syzygium cuminiкупить не дорого в нашем интернет магазине:
Genetic diversity remains the fundamental step for plant improvement in era of genomics. Understanding how diversity is structured is not only a prerequisite for systematic sampling of the germplasm but also helps in designing suitable conservation strategies. Syzygium cumini (Black Berry) is a large evergreen multipurpose tree of family Myrtaceae. The tree which is native to India thrives easily in tropical climate and is found in many parts of Asia and Eastern Africa. S. cumini is widely used world wide in treatment of diabetes. This work demonstrated how genetic diversity is structured in Syzygium populations. This book shows how dominant markers (RAPD and ISSR) could be used for tree species in population genetic analysis. Apart from genetic analysis, phytochemical variations have been studied together as a tool for authentication of germplasm and biodiversity evaluation.
This book provides statistical and biometrical procedures to analyze genetic diversity and genotype by environment interaction. It is organized into seven chapters: Introduction, Literature review,Geographical patterns of morphological variation, Biochemical diversity analysis, Genetic diversity analysis, Genotype by environment interaction and Summary and conclusion. Literature review deals with phenotypic diversity analysis, Morphological characters as markers, Biochemical composition, DNA molecular markers, Genotype by environment interaction and stability analysis. Geographical pattern of morphological variation will help to study organization of genetic resources based on morphological diversity. Biochemical diversity analysis will asses variation in biochemical variability of genetic resources for selection and hybridization. Genetic diversity analysis will assist for organization of genetic resources and identification of parents for crossing. Genotype by environment interaction compares univariate, bivariate and multivariate stability statistics. This book will be a practical guide for graduate students and researchers.
Reproductive biology and Genetic diversity of Terminalia paniculata is designed to serve as a book for researchers in Biotechnology, Botany, Genetics and molecular biology. The book focuses on explaining the both basic and advanced concepts and techniques in reproductive biology, pollination, molecular biology, and genetic diversity and their application thereof. The book provide comprehensive discussions on pollination in tropical trees, nature of pollinators, nectar secretion pattern, breeding system, allozyme diversity and gene flow aspects.
In This Topic We Are Trying To Make Aware The People Of India And Across The World Stop The Over Catching Of Fishes From River. After All The Flora Fauna Found In Nature Have A Crucial Role To Make Our Environment Stable. Satellite DNA Shows That Too Much Exploitation Of Fish C.Catla Create Extinction Of Fish C.Catla And Their Close Relative (Rohu, Mrigale) We Have To Conserve The Genetic Diversity Of Fish And Make Their Population Stable.
This book is an attempt to make a comprehensive systematic study of some Cucurbits in Khartoum State.It is studies the morphology,histology and genetic diversity of some Cucurbits in the study area. It is compares morphological, histological and molecular methods as tools of identification of Cucurbits. This provides a comparison between traditional Taxonomy which is based on morphology and modern Taxonomy which is based on DNA characterization.To compare the utility of the DNA marker system for evaluating similarity.
Livestock plays an important role in economy of Pakistan. Different livestock animals used for for meat, milk, draught, and sports. The genetic data of different cattle breeds like Red Sindhi and Tharparkar is not available which needs to be established for their genetic identification, conservation and to find their genetic diversity among them. This work provided the genetic data which is very helpful for determining the genetic diversity of cattle population, breed identification, animal forensic and paternity cases and making effective breeding policies and conservational activities in future. This work is very helpful about breed characterization of two cattle breeds (Red Sindhi and Tharparker) and developing understanding about genetic architecture of cattle breeds as present study conclude that six SNPs were present in both breeds, four private to Red Sindhi and 22 were private to Tharparkar.
Genetic diversity was assessed using 15 morphological characters. Based on multivariate (D2) analysis, 60 mango genotypes were grouped into 8 clusters. Three enzymes viz., gulutamate oxaloacetate transminase (GOT), malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and peroxidase (PER) were used to investigate genetic diversity of 60 mango genotypes at protein level. Eight zymotypes with GOT, 10 with MDH and 7 with PER were formed by 22, 39, 12 bands, respectively at different Rf values. Compared with three studied DNA extraction protocols of mango such as SDS, CTAB and water saturated ether (WSE) method with NaCl, it was found that WSE method with NaCl had highest value of average percentage (85.44%) in DNA content of the mango genotypes. Study of RAPD for 60 mango genotypes was done to detect genetic diversity at DNA level. Of 40 primers, 11 decamer primers amplified 104 bands. The mean genetic diversity among all the accessions was 0.323 and Shannon's information index was 0.489 across all loci. Induction of mutation on 8 selected genotypes derived from morph-molecular diversity study was performed by applying three doses of radiation such as 20 Gy, 30 Gy and 40 Gy.
This study confirmed the high genetic diversity among date palms in Sudan which was reported in previous studies. The use of morphological characterization, molecular analysis and interviewing of farmers, assisted in the successful fulfillment of the set of objectives to collect, document and analyze data pertaining to the present status of local date palm genetic resources in the Northern region of Sudan (River Nile and Northern States) with regard to cultivars, production and threats. The results of this study will contribute to the formulation of a national strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of the date palm genetic resources in Sudan. Further studies including chloroplast DNA to identify the origin of the seedling cultivars (Jaw and males) are warranted.
The study was conducted to assess the genetic diversity in crop plants for optimization of sampling and breeding strategies. Genetically diverse gene pool is vitally important in varietal development. Molecular markers were utilized to explore the genetic diversity among native and exotic germplasm. In the proposed study Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to assess the genetic diversity among 20 selected linseed varieties/lines.
Mesopotamia was the cradle of life. As It characterized with ecosystem diversity, it has specific diversity of fishes specially those they belong to family Cyprinidae. All the previous studies to discriminate among Cyprinidae members particularly the most similar species of genus Barbus followed traditional methods such as biometry, Osteology and protein electrophoresis. The present study included the most common six Barbus species belong to the subfamily Cyprininae: B. xanthopterus, B. kersin, B. barbulus, B. grypus, B. Sharpeyi, B. luteus and Cyprinus carpio as a close relative from other genus belong to the same subfamily in addition to Aspius vorax as another species belong to sister subfamily Leuciscinae. This study is the first on DNA fingerprints of Mesopotamian cyprinid fishes using RAPD-PCR technique. It efficiently differentiates among these eight species, genetic diversity and phylogenetic tree. MtDNA cytb and 16SrRNA genes were used to confirm their classification to the genus and subfamily levels. One of the main goals of this work was to put DNA dependant Identity profile for the Mesopotamian cyprinid fish species and put baseline of molecular studies on Iraqi fishes
Molecular techniques are now a valuable tool for achieving advances in genome research and generating considerable interest in predicting hybrid performance. Molecular markers are of great value in genetic research and partially in breeding programs since they reflect the genetic variation among individuals. Various PCR-based marker techniques have recently been successfully introduced in the fingerprinting of plant genomes and in genetic diversity studies. Among them random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis which is relatively simple, rapid and cost effective. It is hoped that the present study may help maize breeders to produce new hybrid varieties having higher yielding potential.
Genetic diversity is a basic breeding tool for any agricultural crops. Cocoa is highly cross pollinated crop due to the prevalence of self-incompatibility, thereby paving the way for high variability in cocoa population. Tamil Nadu happens to be the potential state for cocoa production on account of more area under irrigated coconut and cocoa being intercropped in it. The trees have adapted to the local climatic conditions of the region for many years. High degree of genetic variability has been observed in Tamil Nadu. However, the genetic diversity of cocoa existing in Tamil Nadu state has not been scientifically documented. Systematic identification, documentation and conservation of genetic diversity of cocoa either ex situ or in situ will be the viable approach for improvement of cocoa in Tamil Nadu. This book will helpful to characterize the cocoa trees morphologically and also by the means of molecular markers.
Extensive genetic diversity in natural parasite populations is a major obstacle for the development of an effective vaccine against the human malaria parasite, since antigenic diversity limits the efficacy of acquired protective immunity to malaria. Genetic diversity is one of the prominent features of Plasmodium falciparum infections. To the best of our knowledge, This is the first effort of elucidation and genetic correlation has not been investigated before on genetic diversity of P.falciparum field isolates from Jharkhand, India and as such it bridges an important gap in the understanding of the molecular characteristics of the parasite population in South East Asia, especially Jharkhand, India, an understudied and tribal dominant region with perennial malaria.Our data provided the link between the genetically acquired immunity, infection and diversity through complex interplay of transmission cascade in population exposed to falciparum malaria.
The RAPD markers are an efficient tool for assessing the genetic diversity and are less expensive then molecular techniques like AFLP, RFLPs etc. therefore more convenient for use in research.This book basically covers the basic methodology used for assessing the genetic diversity like DNA isolation,quantitative and qualitative Estimation of DNA,RAPD-PCR,Agarose gel electrophoresis, Gel documentation,and use of Bioinformatics tool for data analysis. Rapid molecular testing techniques for the verification of elite genotypes/cultivars identity assume importance in the face of demands for exacting quality in international trade, need for ensuring homogeneity in planting stocks and protection of intellectual property rights on indigenous biodiversity of O. sanctum present in central India. The present study has shown the usefulness of RAPD markers for diversity analysis of O sanctum genotypes as well as cultivars obtained from different localities, particularly identification of the specific bands may be considered important in the identification and for conservation of species and may lead to planning of a better management of conservation program in the country.
Genetic diversity plays a very important role in survival and adaptability of a species because when a species’s environment changes, slight gene variations are necessary to produce changes in the organism's anatomy that enables it to adapt and survive. This book, therefore, provides an idea on molecular markers such as RAPD, ISSR and SSR technologies to detect genetic diversity of the selected medicinal plants. The advantages of molecular markers for the generation of genetic linkage maps and molecular analysis in plants have been established extensively within a short span of their inception as an efficient marker system. Their widespread use has served as a considerable genomic resource for plant breeder's providing them with an array of suitable tools for a range of target applications such as analysis of genetic diversity. Knowledge of population genetic diversity is one of the prerequisites for development of plant species conservation strategies. In the case of wild species that represent genetic resources for cultivated plants, an understanding of their genetic diversity is essential as they are the source of genetic material that are used to improve elite varieties.