efficiency of cooperative marketing in the sesame value chainкупить не дорого в нашем интернет магазине:
Though cooperatives in Metema have important roles to play in favor of their members they are still marketing their member’s sesame inefficiently, so building capacity of cooperatives and their employees, commencement of appropriate organizational structure to cooperative promotion offices, strengthening cooperative leadership, establishment of ECX market centers at the nearest possible places to the offices of cooperatives are some of the actions to be done for improvement of this inefficiency. In addition to this cooperatives in Metema could improve their marketing efficiency by working together with ECX so as to device the ways through which they can make the best use of the services of the commodity exchange system.
Most of the small scale farmers in the developing country are facing marketing problems due to low volume of products, inappropriate market information, less bargaining power, only being a producer. This publication focuses the effects of collective marketing on the small holders' coffee value chain. It helps to understand how the group/collective marketing reduces the problem of smallholder farmers and the economics of scale.The value share of the producers in the value chain can be increased by the intervention of collective marketing in case of small scale producers' value chain. It also illustrates the pros/cons of chain integration by horizontally and vertically in the smallholders' value chain in the context of developing country. This book provides the insight about the cooperative marketing on smallholders' value chain.
A value chain is defined as the full range of activities which are required to bring a product. The study was aimed at analyzing seed potato value chain. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results indicated that members and non-members have significant difference on income and livelihood. Awareness of the farmers on the role of seed, selling price of seed potato, cost of production, availability of marketing infrastructures and facilities, access to extension service, distance from market, access to credit, farm size, labor force, perceptions about seed marketing, membership in cooperatives, number of oxen owned and income affects positively the participation in seed potato production and marketing except distance from market and cost of production. Twelve channels were identified wide variable routes of flow with in the value chain. But the way of flow of the channels differ from farmer to farmer and between members and non-members of the cooperative. Therefore, this book is crucial for agricultural marketing and cooperative managers to fill knowledge gap on value chain of seed potato in Ethiopia.
This book gives an over view of beekeeping sub-sector in Ethiopia. The topics covered in the book includes honey production and marketing in Ethiopia, actors within the honey value chain, honey value chain governance, honey value chain upgrading strategies, and opportunities and constraints for upgarding honey value chain. The book uses a value chain approach as conceptual and analytical framework. The book finally suggest areas of future policy intervention to improve the performance of the beekeeping sub-sector in Ethiopia in general and income of small-scale beekeepers in particular.
Sesame seed is the most important cash crop in major regions of Ethiopia. Farmers in the sub sector generated the biggest share of income from sales of sesame seeds. In this book, it is indicated that 94% of sesame production is supplied to the market. Major determinant factors for market supply were estimated by OLS regression. Sesame market performance was measured using indicators of marketing margins and levels of market integration. Major marketing cost components were identified and transport cost has been identified as the major cost constituent. Market concentration ratios of traders were measured using CR4 market concentration measures. From the analysis, it is proved that there existed tight oligopoly at different market levels.This book will be useful to marketing researchers, economists, policy makers, and any development practitioners
Vegetable production and marketing is a means of income providing business opportunities for all actors in the value chain including the producers, brokers, transporters, and traders. The role of brokers in vegetable value chain is significant. They isolate the producers from the traders and make price often to the disadvantage of the producers. Producers are in a disadvantageous position in terms of vegetable value chain since they do not participate in the management of the whole value chain. Low production and productivity, flood, frost, insect & pest, limited extension support for production, quality of water, poor product handlings were among the major problems. The book also illustrated marketing constraints namely, imperfect pricing system, absence of law enforcement on standards, unable to have fixed market place, limited marketing extension support, lack of storage, lack of coordination among producers, lack of improvement for other actors in the channel and poor vertical linkages of producers with other value chain actors.
The paradigm shift in marketing from mass production to product customization targeting to satisfy the consumers' interest along with fair and equitable benefit distribution among the actors emerged the value chain approach. This approach is not only limited as a marketing tool but also as a reliable tool for poverty alleviation. In developing countries, agriculture value chain is less competitive because the producer are mostly small, upgrading activities at local level are minimum and there is lack of good governance practices among the chain actors. This manuscript provides greater insights into upgrading and governance structure of agriculture value chain with special focus on MSMEs. It takes the case of Ginger- one of the important spice crops in Nepal- and provides the ways forward to improve the situation of agriculture value chain in developing countries. The author targets this manuscript for the practitioners of value chain development,development agencies, donor communities, professionals of marketing and SME development, researchers and the policy makers.
This study conducted to analyse coffee value chain in Nensebo district of West Arsi zone. Nensebo district offers great potential forest coffee, largely untapped due to poor harvesting and post-harvest management and producers have no incentives to improve quality of coffee products through proper management practices. The study was to identify coffee value chains; describe the value additions of different actors in the coffee value chain and linkage of each actor, their functions and chain relationships. Examine marketing margins and performance along the coffee value chains in terms of income and social benefits, and examine factors that affect marketable surplus; and identify key constraints and opportunities in the coffee value chains. The study can generate valuable information on value chain analysis of coffee marketing would assist policy makers to make relevant decision to intervene in the coffee value chain and designing of appropriate policies and strategies development. Government and non-governmental organizations that are intervening though their programs in the development of coffee sub-sector would also benefit from the results of this study. The findings are useful
The changing demographics in Ontario, especially in Toronto have created significant changes on food markets, demand and opportunities for ethno-cultural vegetables (ECV). At present most of the ECV are imported to Canada through long and energy consuming food chains. Some of these vegetables can be grown in Canada and there is a high demand for locally grown fresh ECV. There is little known about the production and marketing of ECV which is an untapped market for local farmers and other stakeholders in the ECV value chain. There are different types of value chains exist for ECV and various socio-economic factors effects production and marketing. Understanding the value chain is critical to the development of appropriate policy interventions that serves as a pre-requisite for promoting the cultivation of ECV in Ontario.
Value-added agriculture has attracted considerable attention in recent years as a means to stabilize farm incomes since the traditional selling system, commodities pushing into the marketplace, largely isolated from the consumer demands and preferences and products may often be sold into a crowded market. As a result, the traditional marketing system undermines the farm income that could have gained by farm households. However, value chain promotion and concept builds on the basic premise that only the market success of farmers and are capable of providing a sustainable solution to the problem of instable farm income and productivity. Therefore, this book presents the value chain analysis of groundnut. In this book, factors influencing groundnut productivity, marketing channel choice and its effect on gross income of producers are evaluated. Moreover, groundnut value chain performances including different actors based on ILO approach are analyzed. The analysis should help the development practitioners and donors who are working in the area of agricultural value chain as well as who would like to grasp the concept of value chain in agriculture.
This study was conducted to examine mandarin value chain in Dhading district of Nepal in 2010-11. This study attempts to generate information that would be helpful for adding value to the existing value chain of mandarin in Dhading district. This book attempts to assess the existing value chain structure of mandarin in Dhading district, primary actors and interrelationships in mandarin business, assess the economics of mandarin value chain, explore the governance structure of mandarin value chain, analyze strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the mandarin value chain. The author targets this manuscript for the practitioners of value chain development, value chain actors, research and development organizations, policy makers, extension service providers and I/NGOs
Globally, use of value chain concept in commodity development has gained momentum. Resultantly, commodity value chains have been analysed in most commercial commodities. Unfortunately, the potential of cassava to steer total transformation has not been fully exploited because its value chain is not fully known. Cassava benefits along the value chain are huge but there is no visible substantial contribution to the economies of developing countries. The prevailing and monopolistic approach to marketing does not benefit smallholders who are the main actors in the value chain of cassava. The publication, therefore, shows an insight into the nature and behavior of cassava value chains in Uganda. Different segments of the cassava value chain were mapped using a rapid reconnaissance method. This publication, thus, enables better understanding of functions of the chain, flow of products, actor’s roles and value added by each actor in the chain, institutions and policies that influence cassava chain and constraints and opportunities. The information is useful to those intending to develop cassava subsector particularly researchers, governments, non-governmental organizations and developmen
Ethiopia a country whose citizen mainly dependent on agriculture, and therefore develop Supply chain that add value for customer with the lowest cost in the chain make up the winning network of individual producers. This book is an outcome of a research done to assess the existing supply chain management process of Ada’a dairy cooperative and thereby analyzing factors that affect the supply chain in order to evolve strategies to improve the smooth flow of the chain.The study result showed that the cooperative has started to promote dairy supply chain in the cooperative sector by playing a great role in averting different factors that affect the flow of supply chain which include organizational, technical, economic and marketing factors providing enabling environment and linkages for access to predetermined set of objectives and targets. To capture and reach at these end different supply chain strategies were evolved and recommended Integrated ownership strategy ,customer service strategy, collaboration strategy, Linkage strategy, channel strategy, Pricing strategy,and manufacturing strategy.
Marketing is the social process by which individuals and groups obtain what they need and want through creating and exchanging products and value with others (Kotler, 2006). However, Marketing is seen as an act of exchange, IT is the subject of exchange in marketing activity. Recently in our society, increase ICT use with respect to the importance of intangible assets such as services , the marketing intelligences domain of special fields including hotel marketing, culture marketing, event marketing, agricultural marketing, Industrial marketing and others are becoming wider. Together with the term Information system management, technology marketing is also gradually more frequently used because Information has become a crucial factor of marketing activities in business organizations (Sang-hyeok Seo, 2000). The use of ICT in marketing is not a completely new phenomenon. During the 1970’s, ICT have been widely used in electronic commerce value creation (value chain) in business organization for food markets such electronic sale (e-sale) in the cattle industry, and electronic cotton marketing in the United States (Montealegre, et.al, 2007).
The intention of this proposal is to present a planned framework, which can be applied by a Cooperative Bank, so as to put into practice an efficient Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR here after) program in each area of its operations, according to the value chain of a Cooperative Bank. The suggested framework will be consisted by two distinct stages: On the one hand, it will be done the conduction of the analytic structure construction of the value chain of a Cooperative bank. On the other hand, it will be done the planning of a CSR program taking into account the unique characteristics of a Cooperative Bank and how are connected with its value chain. This proposed framework is an endeavor to enhance the importance of a being a socially responsible bank and also help Cooperative banks' managers to select CSR programs more scientifically according to the existing literature and make decisions meeting the requirements of the local reality. Consequently how that can benefit society and be a competitive advantage for the regional banking industry.